Problem Of Education In India
Serious question marks are being raised on the efficacy of education system in India. Unlike most private schools, public schools in India grapple with infrastructure and pedagogy issues that hamper the prospects of students enrolled. However we don’t need more expensive private schools but more good quality public schools that benefit the larger populace.
“Public schools and private schools don’t really have a large difference. Parents prefer sending kids to a low-budget private school over a public school where the quality of education is either the same or most of the times, worse.” – Amrita Nair, Co-Founder Apni Shala
Consider this- according to a study, Bihar needs 75.13% more classrooms in its state-run elementary schools than it has and 232% more rooms for its head teachers. Similarly, it needs 7,91,614 teachers for Classes 1 to 8 in state-run schools but has only 47.2% of them. To meet the norms as laid down by the Right to Education Act, 2009, and other guidelines for primary and upper-primary schools, the state will have to spend Rs 18,029 per child per year where it now spends about Rs 5,595. Similarly, Odisha spends less than half of what it should per child to meet the norms, and Madhya Pradesh, a little over half.
Discord in the expected quality, inadequate facilities, outdated syllabi and contamination of role of teachers in public schools, are widening the gap between educational outcomes and skill sets required to succeed in the economy, thereby leading to unemployment and disappointment in the long run.
Education in India has become a travesty. Much of higher education is now a profit-making, money-minting and, mediocrity-stricken industry, while primary and secondary public education suffers from some serious debilitating inadequacies.
According to a study over 60 million children in India receive little or no formal education and the country has over 11.1 million out-of-school students in the lower secondary level, the highest in the world. At the upper secondary level, 46.8 million are out of school, while 2.9 million students do not even attend primary school. The report says that by 2020 there will be a shortage of 40 million workers with tertiary education. – Source
What Needs To Change In the Current System Of Education?
“The most prominent problem I can see is, there is a lack of uniformity of goals. Everybody is just focused on what I can do to improve my teaching, make my class better…everything has got to do with ‘my’ and ‘me’, there is no ‘we’. And that is the biggest challenge. For me, understanding a common vision which is shared and agreed with all the stakeholders including the students and the parents is necessary.” – Poonam Choksi, Programme Lead at Adhyayan Foundation
Barring a few schools, most of the institutions still follow a pre-set syllabus which fails to get revised with the current trends in education, learning and industry in general. Learning per se is an incremental process and education essentially hinges on this fact. Continuous internal evaluation of syllabi and the skill sets of teachers is highly necessary for keeping our knowledge transfer process up to date.
Seetha Ananthasivan, Founder of Bhoomi College in Bengaluru and a social entrepreneur herself, stressed on the need for experiential learning, to make students passionate about their career and get a sense of purpose out of it.
“Education is all about syllabus, textbooks and exams. There is no learning involved. This has turned into an industry, where students are the input and the output is zero. There is a need of looking through and thinking hard about various issues. Students today need to live out their learning.”
Addressing The Gaping Hole Of Unemployment Due To Skill Gap
According to a study, out of 1.5 million engineers passing out of various colleges in India, only 3% are suitable to be employed in software or product market and only 7% in core engineering roles. The pertinent skill gap is the biggest reason why the employment rates have plummeted.
One of the biggest requirements for students is to determine what skills they need to be employable in the job market. The difference in what is being taught in schools as against, what the child is supposed to be prepared with, are miles apart from each other.
“There is far too much focus on curriculum and content but it is the delivery and the outcome that we should look out for. The education that is being imparted needs to be aligned with what the child might face once he/she enters the real world after passing out of school.” – Poonam Choksi
The purpose of education in its real sense has got lost in marks, ranks and syllabus. Schools, teachers and all the stakeholders in the education system need to introspect if they are creating individuals who are prepared for the real world and can contribute positively to the economy and the country.
What are your views on improvising the state of education in India? We would love to know and feature your thoughts.